SOCIAL MEDIA HAS A NEGATIVE INFLUENCE ONBODY IMAGE AMONGST FEMALE TEENAGE STUDENTS Independent Research Project 16396148616300 By Nour Hariri Student Number 31887704 July 2018 Table of Contents Page Title page

SOCIAL MEDIA HAS A NEGATIVE INFLUENCE ONBODY IMAGE AMONGST FEMALE TEENAGE STUDENTS
Independent Research Project
16396148616300
By
Nour Hariri
Student Number
31887704
July 2018
Table of Contents
Page
Title page…………………………………………………………………………………………… 1
Table of Contents………………………………………………………………………………. 2
Abstract…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 3
Acknowledgments…………………………………………………………………………….. 4
Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………. 5-6
Secondary Data
Literature review……………………………………………………………………………….. 7-10
Primary Data
Methodology…………………………………………………………………………………….. 11-12
Results……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 13-40
Analysis and discussion……………………………………………………………………… 41-43
Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………………. 44
Bibliography………………………………………………………………………………………. 45
Appendix…………………………………………………………………………………………… 46-56
Abstract
Today, social media is misused and has brought many issues with the increase of devices available to youth. Female youth specifically, are exposed to social media applications that show images of celebrities or models that are modified and altered to look flawless. This common misconception intends to raise awareness to the statement chosen, “social media has a negative influence on body image regarding female students.” The sole purpose of this topic is to understand and inform others of the negative influences that social media can possess. Female students may be impacted severely in many ways, all of which are investigated throughout my primary and secondary data. The repercussions of this circumstance is looked at throughout my independent research project, on a social and emotional level regarding the wellbeing of the individuals affected.

My independent research project scrutinises whether social media influences body image and whether this will be negative or contradict my statement. Potentially, social media can negatively influence the health of female students due to the constant reminder of images being posted on social media that discourage them and lead them to feel unsatisfied with their body. This commonly leads to depression and unhealthy dieting which can be examined in the source Cindy (2017)
Applying the two questionnaires to gain results in favour of the question, helped gain a more valid response as it provided answers from both views. One questionnaire was from female students who use social media and the other was from female students that don’t. An analysis of literature review was also put forth in order to collect existing data on the research question. This helped me to gain a more in depth understanding of the topic and aided me throughout my project. Through my primary research it was found that the respondents didn’t believe that social media was at fault, although they did change the way they appear after looking at people they look up to on social media pages. These results could have been different if the sample group was expanded. In saying this, my secondary data helped provide my project with a professionals insight of the situation and supported my research question.
With the support from secondary data and the questionnaire, the research question was proven as a result of good ethical behaviour. This allowed me to extract relative information in terms of feelings and reactions of the respondents in accordance to the socials medias negative influence on body image. Therefore, provided an overall summary of the severity that social media can have on female students.

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Acknowledgments
I would like to acknowledge and sincerely thank all participants who answered the given questionnaire and anyone who helped contribute to the succession of my research project.
In particular I give special recognition of;
Mr. Akil, my Community, and family studies teacher, who continuously offered me some of his viewpoints and advice on how to deal with specific aspects varying in different situations. He also dealt with any disagreements I’ve encountered concerning the questionnaire by coming up with compromises that will best suit everyone’s desires.

My mother, who stayed by my side every step of the way by taking me to the library every time it was necessary and provided me with support through making my life as easy and stress-free as she can.
The librarian, who assisted me with locating secondary data on social media, body image and its effects on the female youth in Australia.

My sister whom I sent to Officeworks whenever I needed information and data to be printed out.

Introduction
The research topic indicated focuses on body image and the Media as the central impact on female adolescents. I personally preferred this topic as it related to the course content area of well-being, research methodology, as well as family and societal interactions in community and families course.

From these topics, the resulting statement was formulated;
“Social media has a negative influence on body image amongst female teenage students.”
I have taken an interest in this topic because I am a female teenage student myself and I became curious about the severity of this problem.

Social media can be depicted as a source taking over all the minds of teenagers who have access to it. It has caused the constant fear and pressure to always look perfect and may lead to insecurities and lack of sense of self-worth. The research Project intends to prove this point and raise awareness among the general public of the effects it may cause to their health and wellbeing. This is a major topic that relates to today’s society due to the increase in technology advancement and the ‘need’ to have a device to fit in.

I intend that my project will provide insight as to how social media can impact a female adolescent negatively. I want my IRP to demonstrate the relationship between social media misperceptions and body image and how the two interrelate. I am committed to finding out the impacts of social media, both positive and negative with the support of primary and secondary data.

The relation that social media and body image has to the community and family studies course is the groups and context category, youth. Due to the question asking specifically about female youth, we can then use the study of the course to help analyse the characteristics of the group and gain a more broadened understanding of the research task. The topic is also connected to resource management as we describe the contribution an individual’s experiences, values, attitudes, and beliefs make to the development of goals (Beattie, Girvan, Rayner, Rayner, Bell 2014) , where we discuss emotional factors which are related to our feelings. Body image affects our emotional wellbeing because we as youth constantly feel the need to be commented on the way we look and our physical appearance to satisfy our wellbeing.

It is anticipated that my independent research topic concerning Social media has a negative influence on body image amongst female teenage students will be investigated and results put forth.
Literature review
Source1- Journal article
“The impacts of social media trends on Body image” by Cindy Cole, LMFT, LPC, Director of Individual and Family Therapy at Timberline Knolls. (2017)
The journal is reliable as it is written by the director of individual and family therapy. According to Cindy (2017), the worldwide issue regarding misperceptions of reality is through technology altered images that are portrayed everywhere in the media. Due to the media’s promotion of a slimmer body and regular dieting has lead females to eating disorders. It has come to the stage that youth believe their “self-worth” is categorised depending on the number of likes and shares they gain through posting on social media accounts.
She supposes the increase of smartphones to be at fault and the ability to filter, and edit the way they appear, indirectly from advertisements, and directly through personal social media accounts. She also states that the outcomes of this practice will leave a negative impact on body satisfaction and interference of emotional wellbeing.

(Cindy 2017) supports the research topic as she views social media as the negative impact on body image and specifies the effects of its publicity. From this, I am able to gather more information about my chosen topic and identify additional impacts of social media towards female students. The journal article was extremely useful throughout my research as it gave data that was precise and relevant to my question. It was also evidently set out and easy to analyse.
https://www.eatingdisorderhope.com/blog/impact-social-media-trends-body-imageSource2- magazine article
“Women’s body confidence becomes a ‘critical issue’ worldwide, Dove global study,” by Vanessa Brown, 2016
The Magazine was written by lifestyle reporter, professional who is experienced in food fitness, beauty, health and home. Linking to source 1 regarding the impacts being health issues, (Vanessa 2016), realises the pronounced serious issue that confronts more than 80% of Australian women. Dove (2016) statistics show that 89% of Australian women are withdrawing from their everyday lifestyles such as job interviews, friend outings and any other social gatherings because of the fear of being judged and their physical appearance. The report questioned females between the age of ten and sixty-years-old. Dr. Susan Paxton quotes, “The report shows that social media is presenting a new challenge and adding pressure to look a certain way. The findings are certainly a call for action.”
This supports my research as it backs up the topic of ‘social media’, contributing pressure or ‘impacting’ females to be something else which contradicts the natural lifestyle. The results also indicate that 77% of Australians put at fault the media for setting idealistic images. This also contributes to the findings of one out of every two Australian women report they feel worse about their appearances after viewing altered images of women on social media. With regards to my project, this journal could be improved by focusing on the social media effects more. In saying that, this was an extremely useful secondary source. I was able to refer to this text often to find statistical data and examples which helped with the process.

The Dove Global Beauty and Confidence
https://www.news.com.au/lifestyle/beauty/face-body/womens-body-confidence-becomes-a-critical-issue-worldwide-dove-global-study-indicates/news-story/5bf063c6a19c838cee9464a248af6bffSource 3- Interview- YouTube video- ABC News
“Teen girls open up about the ‘constant pressure ‘of social media,” by ABC News
This video is associated with the previous two sources as they all talk about the effects and impacts that social media can have on an individual’s life. The video sets out an interview discussing teen pressures, where they talk to a group of girls from high school asking them questions on how they feel about social media and if it influences their decisions in life.
They all agreed that after looking at celebrities on social media accounts such as snapchat and Instagram, that it has changed their dieting to lose weight and pressured them into applying makeup and cosmetics more often. The girls being full of anxiety put stress on themselves by changing the way they look to fit in. They all said that they have experienced or seen criticism from the opposite sex where they actually put girls down from the way they look and if they’re not up to the standards to today’s body image expectations.
This is relevant to the research topic as it explains the effects and outcomes that social media can have on a young female from their own personal experiences. Although, the researcher could have extended on some of the questions asked concerning body image that would have helped me broaden my knowledge a bit on the topic. However, it was extremely useful as it gave me an insight of actual experiences and allowed me to become more familiar with what I was studying.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dhGOLYMkdYcSource 4- Newspaper- Sydney Morning Herald
“Instagram feeds do more damage to body image than billboards,” By Jasmine Fardouly, Lenny R. Vartanian and Rebecca T. Pinkus 2016
This Newspaper is extremely reliable as it was put forward by 5 professionals that study psychology. In the article, they explain how celebrities, friends, and strangers that post images of themselves on social media are all altered to look more attractive and get that ‘flawless’ look. This common misperception allows females to compare and differentiate between their physical appearance with those modified photos they see on social media which lead them to displeasure with their appearances. Fardouly, R, T, Pinkus (2016) researched this topic and found that social media comparisons are on the rise.
They researched 150 female students five times a day for five days. “For each survey, they reported if they had compared their appearance with someone else’s and whether they thought the person looked better, the same or worse than them. They then rated their body image, mood and thoughts of dieting and exercising.” Fardouly et al., (2016) explained. From this research, they found that when women compared themselves with social media images they were more likely to participate in dangerous weight loss programs, become jealous, go through depression and became discontent with their physical appearance.
This relates to my research statement as it finds out the reactions of females after looking at social media images and how they respond with their actions. It is very useful as it provided me with statistical data for my analysis in regards to the social media aspect of adolescents.
https://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/social-media-shots-affect-body-image-because-we-only-show-our-best-side-20161219-gtdsa7.htmlMethodology
The primary data utilised to research the topic was a questionnaire as it is the most suitable for this situation. The statement established by the year 12 community and family studies class was dealt with by taking in account everyone’s preferences and interests and brainstorming ideas which concluded with our decisions as “social media has a negative influence on body image amongst female teenage students,” being the final result. Questionnaires are quantitated data that collects facts in the form of numerical data which is then analysed. This is supported by Beattie et al., (2014).

It is believed that this topic was exceptional as it has a lot of secondary data on the topic which can be analysed in less time and is available at the click of a finger. However, this topic may be sensitive to some students as they may have been through bad experiences. For example, they may have been bullied online from the way they look. Taking this into consideration, ethical behaviour such as respect, integrity, privacy, and bias were taken seriously and partakers were informed of the anonymity and confidentiality of their answers. This allowed them to feel more comfortable and less hesitant in their answers which permitted the answers to be more valid and reliable.
The questions were sequenced in two parts, open and closed questions. It was believed that closed questions were more suitable to use at the beginning of the questionnaire as it allowed the respondent to feel at ease while answering. It would then slowly exceed to open questions which required them to reflect and carefully read each question in order to gain the most valid and reliable response.
The sample group of the data was collected from a school where high school students from years seven to twelve participated in answering the questionnaire. The total number of respondents was seventy-eight which is the sample size. The sampling methods that were used to collect the primary data was random sampling as it involved selecting people (females) from years seven to twelve so that they all have an equal chance of being selected Beattie et al., (2014).

The use of technology to advantage was shown while getting the students to answer the questionnaire by setting up the organisation, Survey Monkey on laptops and other devices. This is a system that automatically converts all the results and findings into graphs, pie charts, line graphs and any other graphic measures necessary.
The steps used to collect the data, taken from Beattie et al., (2014);
Managing resources
Formulating a research proposal
Considering ethical behaviour in research
Proposing suitable research methods and sampling method and size
Developing the IRP project plan, submitting for marking as required
Accessing sources of data
collecting and recording data
Documenting actions and issues
Presenting research findings
Analysing research results
Drawing conclusions from research
Completing the organisation and presentation of your research product
Results
Social media impacts (People who do use social media)

Indicates the age of the participants
Out of 71 participants surveyed the biggest age bracket came from thirteen and fourteen years old’s. This is apparent because the sample group was at school and they have the most girls in their class at thirty-three participants.

Specifies the type of media used
In this bar graph, we can see that the most used social media app is snapchat. This may be because of popularity rates across youth and peer pressure. They often use a specific type of social media if their friends are using it in order to stay in touch with them. They also have a bursting curiosity to see what their friends are doing. Snapchat also attracts users by their unique features of ‘snapchat filters’ and messaging through the use of instant picture messages.

Shows if partakers check social media notifications when they wake up
More than half of the respondents of female students said ‘yes’ to checking their social media notifications as soon as they wake up as shown in the bar graph. This may be because nowadays they are considered equivalent to other significant needs such as food etc. Most individuals can’t leave the room without their device. So checking their notifications as soon as they wake up becomes a natural instinct and habit.

Shows the hours spent on social media per day
As shown above, the majority of female teenage students spend a whopping three to four hours a day on social media. This has increased over the years and had a massive impact on the health of the students. It has created a more lazy and unhealthy atmosphere where it is now considered normal to spend quality time on social media and on their devices instead of with their family.

Indicates what participants tend to look at on social media
Over 63% of the surveyed population look at memes when they are on social media, than fitness being the least ‘looked at’ as shown above.

Shows if they feel pressured to purchase specific things according to trends
80% of the female students surveyed say that they don’t feel pressured to purchase specific clothing, or makeup according to trends. This can be because of resources affecting youths access to services such as time, money, and energy. For example, If the trends are expensive it will then limit access to it.

Indicates if they feel pressured to change the way they appear
38 out of the 71 girls who were surveyed felt pressured to change the way they appear which is more than half of the population.

Indicates the methods used to change the way they appear
A bit over 50% of the total responses said that they felt pressured to change the way they appear by changing their clothing style. The second biggest recorded way of altering themselves was through dieting where 40% have used this way due to the pressure from social media. This can be a dangerous outcome as they may be partaking in unhealthy dieting where they are not consuming the right amount of nutrition’s needed to fully develop.
(scenario) shows the participants feelings towards the need to change their style according to trends
Analysing the scenario above, 75% of the total responses wouldn’t feel jealous by looking at those pictures and wouldn’t change their style according to these trends. This is a positive outcome as it is evident that most of these girls have a strong sense of identity and wouldn’t change the way they dress from other people’s influences.

Shows if have body image view
Just under 65% of the responses don’t have a certain body image view. Although, the remaining 35% majority believe that having a slim body with a female stereotyped shape such as the ‘hourglass’ mentioned in one of the responses are the ‘ideal’ body images. Those students believe that’s how a ‘normal’ body should look like.

Indicates if they would have a different body image view without social media
28% of the respondents believe that they will have a different view on body image if it wasn’t for social media, however, the majority believe that social media doesn’t affect their view on body image as shown in the graph above.

Indicates if people’s opinions affect the participants self-esteem
According to the above graph, 42% of respondents say ‘yes’ that peoples like and dislikes do have an effect on their self-esteem.

Shows if participants look up to anyone on social media
Viewing the findings, 87% of female students look up to someone (model, actress etc) on social media.

Indicates if have been misled on social media relating to body image
Just under half of the sample group, being thirty-one people against 40 believe that they’ve been misled in relation to body image on social media. This is probably because of the increase in apps that allow an individual to instantly alter their appearance and cover any imperfections that they may have, which consequently leads to being misled.

Displays a scale of 1-5 asking participants if they feel they are a person of worth
From analysing this scale from one to five the majority relate to feeling that they are a person of worth at the average of three and a half. The second highest score being 5 included twenty-two people feeling that way. This is a positive aspect because it shows that the majority of these girls actually believe that they are worth something and have a uphold a good level of self-esteem. Although there are some girls who strongly disagree with that statement and feel as if they are worthless which is a very unpleasant attribute to possess.

Shows if they have a positive attitude towards themselves
The majority of the young girls have a positive attitude towards them self

Indicates if they are satisfied with their body
In examining the above scale from 1-5, the majority of them, believe they are at the 3 which is not strongly disagreeing although they are not agreeing either.

Shows if the participants wish they could change their appearance at times
Almost 70% of the respondents wish that they could change their appearance at times.

Partakers who don’t have much to be proud of
From a scale of one to five the dominant group is at 3 that feel that they don’t have much to be proud of.

Social media impacts (People who don’t use social media)

Indicates the age of the participants
In the above bar graph, shows an even amount of people who don’t use social media through the age brackets of 11 to 16 years.

Shows the pressure felt to change the way they appear
Exactly half believe they’ve been pressured to change the way they appear.

Indicates how participants wish to change the way they appear
Most believe that they have been pressured to change the way they appear through clothing.

indicates if participants have a certain body image view
66.67% of respondents don’t have a certain body image view

The above graph shows the scaling from 1-5 of how much these girls feel that they are a person of worth, where two of them said they strongly agree with this and another two disagreed with this statement.

Indicates the participants positive attitude towards themselves
All of them agree that they have a positive attitude towards themselves.

Indicates the participants satisfaction with their body
All of them agree that they are satisfied with their body.

Indicates if participants wish they could change their appearance at times
Majority of them don’t feel that at times they wish they could change their appearance.

Indicates how much they have to be proud of
Two girls believe that they don’t have much to be proud of, whereas the other four scaled 1-3 saying they disagree with this statement.
Analysis and discussion
Numerous sources from the primary and secondary data were researched to find out if social media negatively influences body image regarding female students. The primary results showed that there are many impacts that social media can have on body image that female students are strongly affected by.

Prior to conducting my research, I predicted that social media can be negative towards a female student. I also believed that it could impact their body image and their views on it. From my findings, the results did show that social media negatively affected a female adolescents body image to a degree. I assumed it would have had a different response in some questions examining the opinions of the respondents to social media. This is evident in question 11 in my questionnaire where it stated, “Do you believe you would have had a different view on body image if it wasn’t for social media” were 73.23% of the respondents answered “no.” This contradicts what I was meant to find out and did not support my question.

The questionnaire combined showed a variety of results regarding female students, although mainly :
People who use social media;
Female students tend to spend 3-4 hours on social media/day
feel pressured to change the way they appear through clothing and dieting
Almost half believe people’s opinions on their posts affects their self-esteem
Almost half feel mislead in relation to body image while on social media
Only 21.13% strongly agree that they are satisfied with their body
Almost 30% wish they could change their appearance at times
Although 73.24% of them wouldn’t have a different view on body image if it wasn’t for social media
People who don’t use social media
believe they are satisfied with their body
majority of them don’t want to change the way they appear
all of them have a positive attitude towards themselves
66.67% of respondents don’t have a certain body image view
These terminations validate my question, “social media has a negative influence on body image amongst female students,” although marginally supports it. I believe if we surveyed another school with different cultural and religious background, it would have improved the results and the reliability of the outcome.

The relation of these tendencies to the community and family course content are to resource management focusing on the wellbeing aspect. This is portrayed as there is a social media growth in altering features, (source 4 literature review) that touch the younger generations, especially the female’s emotional well-being.

The socioemotional wellbeing of the female students is affected immensely by social media’s impressions of body image. The secondary sources provided the research topic with effects that the preponderance of females was most likely to acquire after viewing some body image perceptions on social media.

In the results collected from the questionnaire, it was established that females feel pressured to change the way they appear through clothing and dieting. This is further shown in source 1 “The media’s promotion of a slimmer body and regular dieting has lead females to eating disorders.” Also, female students who use social media are less likely to be satisfied with their body than females who don’t use social media. This is evident in the questionnaire as girls who don’t use social media all answered that they are satisfied with their body. Although, females who do use social media have an average of 3 out of 5 that are satisfied with their body. This is evident In in source 1 as Cindy (2017) predicts that the outcomes of social media modification increase will leave a negative impact on body satisfaction. Moreover, this portrays some major impacts on female students that can occur whilst using social because of the influences it has on body image. Therefore, supports my primary data.

Conclusion
In my final analysis, the most accurate answer to “social media has a negative influence on body image regarding female students” is that it has a lot of influences. Although, the influences go according to if you have social media, how many social media accounts you have, and the amount of time you spend on it. Otherwise, the effects and influences that it can have towards an individual can lessen immediately.
As shown in the data collected, female teenagers who use social media three to four hours a day are more likely to be affected by body image misconceptions. They are usually more vulnerable to unhealthy dieting and are most commonly not satisfied with their body. Whereas, female students who don’t use social media aren’t exposed to the dangers of social media and the above impacts are reduced.
From the primary and secondary data collected, determined another issue concerning the physical and emotional health of the female youth. It was found that social media not only impacted their body image understandings, rather it forced them into becoming those images viewed online by enhancing the way they look through the use of cosmetics and pills. This endangers their wellbeing and causes self-consciousness and lack of confidence. This can be minimised by decreasing social media use, which is evident through the participants who don’t use social media that demonstrate higher levels of emotional health in comparison to participants who do.

Thus, social media serves an impact on body image concerning female students at high school. Moreover, this research presents an important first step in understanding the social, emotional and self-esteem burden females can experience from social media.
Bibliography
Reference list
Beattie, A., Brown, K., Girvan, B., Rayner, B., and Bell, K. (n.d.). Nelson community and family studies. 2nd ed. Australia: Deborah Barnes, pp.3, 4, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 122, 123, 137.

brown, v. (2018). When will we stop the obsession?. online NewsComAu. Available at: https://www.news.com.au/lifestyle/beauty/face-body/womens-body-confidence-becomes-a-critical-issue-worldwide-dove-global-study-indicates/news-story/5bf063c6a19c838cee9464a248af6bff Accessed 23 Jun. 2016.

Cash, T., Ancis, J. and Strachan, M. (2018). Gender attitudes, feminist identity, and body images among college women.

Cole, C. (2018). The Impact of Social Media Trends on Body Image – Eating Disorder Hope. online Eating Disorder Hope. Available at: https://www.eatingdisorderhope.com/blog/impact-social-media-trends-body-image Accessed 30 May 2017.

Jasmine Fardouly, L. (2018). Instagram feeds do more damage to body image than billboards: study. online The Sydney Morning Herald. Available at: https://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/social-media-shots-affect-body-image-because-we-only-show-our-best-side-20161219-gtdsa7.html Accessed 19 Dec. 2016.

YouTube. (2018). Teen girls open up about the ‘constant pressure’ of social media. online Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dhGOLYMkdYc Accessed 2 Nov. 2017.

Appendix
Social media impacts (people that use social media)
How old are you turning this year?
11-12
13-14
15-16
17-18
What type of media do you use? Select all that apply.

Instagram
Snapchat
Facebook
YouTube
Twitter
Other (please specify)
Do you check your social media notifications as soon as you wake up?
Yes
No
How many hours do you spend on social media per day?
0-1 hours
2-3 hours
3-4 hours
4-5 hours
5+ hours
On social media, what do you tend to look at? Select all that apply
Skin care
Make-up
Fitness
Memes
Other (please specify)
Do you fill pressured to purchase specific clothing, make-up etc. according to trends?
No
Yes
If yes please explain why
Have you ever felt pressured to change the way you appear? (dieting, cosmetics, pills, clothing etc.)
Yes
No
If yes, select all that apply
Dieting
Cosmetics
Pills
Clothing
Other (please specify)
Scenario: Leyla constantly posts pictures on Instagram of her branded clothing (Luis Vuitton, Gucci etc). Would you feel jealous by looking at those pictures and feel the need to change your style according to these trends?
Yes
No
Do you have a certain body image view?
Yes
No
If yes, please describe your ideal body image
Do you believe you would have a different view on body image if it wasn’t for social media?
Yes
No
If yes, please explain why
Do people’s opinions (likes, dislikes, comments) on your posts affect your self-esteem?
Yes
No
Is there anyone you look up to (model, actress, singer etc.) on social media?
Yes
No
If yes, when viewing these profiles, do you tend to compare yourself?
Have you ever been misled in relation to body image on social media (filters, photoshop etc.)?
Yes
No
On a scale of 1-5, 1 being strongly disagreed and 5 strongly agreeing, how much do you relate to these following statements? I feel that I am a person of worth.

1
2
3
4
5
I have a positive attitude towards myself
1
2
3
4
5
I am satisfied with my body
1
2
3
4
5
At times I wish I could change my appearance
1
2
3
4
5
I feel that I do not have much to be proud of
1
2
3
4
5
Social media impacts (people who don’t use social media)
How old are you turning this year
11-12
13-14
15-16
17-18
Have you ever felt pressured to change the way you appear? (dieting, cosmetics, pills, clothing etc)
Yes
no
If yes, select all that apply
Dieting
Cosmetics
Pills
Clothing
Other (please specify)
Do you have a certain body image?
Yes
No
If yes, describe your ideal body image
On a scale of 1-5, 1 being strongly disagreed and 5 strongly agreeing, how much do you relate to these following statements? I feel that I am a person of worth.

1
2
3
4
5
I have a positive attitude towards myself
1
2
3
4
5
I have a positive attitude towards myself
1
2
3
4
5
At times I wish I could change my appearance
1
2
3
4
5
I feel that I do not have much to be proud of
1
2
3
4
5

source 1 literature review

Source 2 literature review
Source 3 literature review

Source 4 literature review
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