Healthcare systems are very important throughout the world

Healthcare systems are very important throughout the world. There are four basic health care systems: the Beveridge, Bismarck, National Health Insurance, and The Out-of-Pocket model. Each country has their own set of healthcare system based around these four models. Health care systems that are sufficient help the health of the population and leads to economic growth. Health care today varies in many different ways throughout the world.
Honduras is a low quality government, therefore many of the people that live there do not have high income. Due to having a low quality government their health care is not the best. The Honduran healthcare is divided into two sectors. A public sector which is composed by the Ministry of Health and Honduran Institute of Social Security (IHSS). The Ministry of Health serves the entire population and is funded by the government. Ministry of Health, according to the Archives of Medicine, “provides services to 60% of the population.” The Honduran Social Security Institute is provided by the government through the taxes and is funded by the employers and employees. This covers about 12% of the population. Honduras also has a private sector, which is made up of profit and nonprofit institutions. These private institutions can be bought at a higher cost, which the Hondurans need to pay themselves and accounts for about 10% of Hondurans. The healthcare system in Honduras is based off of two healthcare models. The National Health Insurance model is the healthcare system for the public sector because it is a mix of the Beveridge model and the Bismarck model. The private sector is based off of the Out-Of-Pocket model. U.S. Library of Congress states, “the quality of and access to health care are directly tied to income levels.” Everyone gets healthcare, but those that pay more money will receive better quality healthcare.
The concerns of healthcare in Honduras is extremely high. The majority of the population in Honduras has low income. Health care in urban and rural poor areas in Honduras are limited due to low quality of physicians. Because of this, services are not easily available to the majority of the Honduras population. Pacific Prime informs, “In recent years, the Honduras healthcare system has been in disarray.” The healthcare system has been collapsing due to the Honduras Ministry of Health stopping doctors salaries across the country in 2015. These doctors then went on strike due to the money that the Honduran government owed them. The medical centers are lacking employees, medical equipment, and medicine because of the corrupted system. “Infectious and parasitic diseases are the leading causes of death,” says U.S. Library of Congress. HIV/AIDS is another cause of death in Honduras. The fast growing spread of AIDS is highly concerning to the Honduran health authorities. Since Honduras is a low income country, it is difficult to get all the necessary medical needs to supply Hondurans with proper medical care.
Healthcare workers need to respect that there are cultural differences while working in other countries, such as Honduras. Environmental control is a factor of diversity for healthcare in Honduras. Healthcare workers should acknowledge the fact that Hondurans may not have the best health because of the low income in the country. Many Hondurans do not have proper medical care, sanitation, or vaccines. Communication is another factor of cultural diversity. According to INTRODUCTION TO RADIOLOGIC AND IMAGING SCIENCES AND PATIENT CARE(Sixth ed.), Arlene Adler and Richard Carlton argues, “miscommunication is a frequent problem among different cultures.” In Honduras, majority of the people speak Spanish. Healthcare workers that provide care in Honduras have to respect their language, either by speaking Spanish back to them, having a translator, or speaking in English with a lot of body language that is expressing what is trying to be said. Social organizations can impact the delivery of care. Hondurans are very close-knit to their families. Cultural Comparisons informs, “Hondurans believe the family is the fundamental social unit.” This needs to come into consideration if one of the family members is sick. Providers should accept that the family may want to be with the patient all the time and want all the medical details. These cultural differences need to be understood by healthcare workers so that appropriate actions can take place in order to provide sufficient health care while respecting cultural concepts.
In conclusion, an improvement in both Honduran health systems are necessary. Hondurans need healthcare that ensures neutral, guaranteed coverage to the entire population, while respecting cultural concepts to the country of Honduras. This will ensure that every citizen of Honduras will receive proper health care wherever they may live or how much money they may make regardless of their social class.