During the 1860s

During the 1860s, only 14% of the total population was African American. Out of this 14%, 476,000 blacks were free, of which another 221,000 lived in the North. These free blacks were not as free as it seemed. There was a large amount of political, social and economic freedoms taken away from them. Free blacks were limited in terms of rights, and even if they did have rights, they were by no means equal to the whites. Free blacks were restricted from political freedoms because of the prejudice and inequality of the whites. To demonstrate, “We are of another race, and he is inferior. Let him know his place – and keep it,” (Document B). This shows that even though whites dismissed them as free, they still did not feel the need to treat the blacks as equals. In this case, free blacks did not get many political rights such as male voting or jury duty; only the state of Massachusetts by the 1860s fully allowed male suffrage and jury duty without any restrictions. Ultimately, the


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